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Jessica Joy

Knitwear designer and writer

How to work ‘Wrap and Turn’ short rows (w&t)

Short rows are an ingenious way to shape knitted fabrics. They effectively work darts, or curves, into a pattern to add shape – without increasing or decreasing the stitch count. They’re most commonly used in sweaters at the bust, waist and shoulders.

Tutorial: Wrap and Turn (w&t)

To work a ‘short row’ you only knit part way along the row before wrapping a stitch and turning to work back along the other side. The stitch at the turning point is ‘wrapped’ with the working yarn to avoid creating a hole. In garter stitch this wrap blends in, so doesn’t need any further work. In smoother fabrics, such as stocking stitch, the wrap needs to be picked up and knit together with the stitch it’s wrapping, to hide it. I’ll cover this in another tutorial, but for now, let’s look at how to wrap and turn.

First work to the point in the pattern where you see the abbreviation w&t. If the instruction is to k5, w&t, you will be wrapping the 6th stitch. Or as in this example, knit to the last 2 sts, w&t, you will wrap the penultimate stitch.

Tutorial: Wrap and Turn (w&t)

Bring the yarn to the front of the work.

Tutorial: Wrap and Turn (w&t)

Slip the next stitch purl wise onto the right needle.

Tutorial: Wrap and Turn (w&t)

Move the yarn to the back of the work.

Tutorial: Wrap and Turn (w&t)

Slip the stitch back to the left needle through the back loop.

Tutorial: Wrap and Turn (w&t)

This is what you’ll be left with.

Tutorial: Wrap and Turn (w&t)

Now turn the work around – the yarn will be at the front again.

Tutorial: Wrap and Turn (w&t)

Return the yarn to the back of the work and continue on with the pattern – c’est tout!

This is a sneak peak of my newest design, so keep your eyes peeled for the big release sometime over the next few weeks!

This is now available! Try out the technique now with my new Jersey Basket Pattern.

  1. fluffy says: 28 March 20168:07 pm

    hello i had found your website while looking up wrap & turn as i’m confused. i’m currently making a sweater (i put the link below) and i’m stuck on the wrap & turn section.
    on row 4 after the wrap & turn do i start with row 5 or continue as basketweave pattern says to knit the knit sts and purl the purl sts on the same row as when u wrap & turn u go back to the same row??
    link to sweater:

    • Jess says: 29 March 201610:45 am

      Hi Fluffy, have you tried contacting the designer of the pattern for some help? I’m afraid i’m not sure! Good luck, it looks really cute. :)

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